Benedictine Crafts: Needlework in Minnesota

The Art/Needlework Department of Saint Benedict’s Monastery had its roots in St. Walburg Convent, Eichstatt, Bavaria, its motherhouse.  Sister Willibalda Scherbauer, one of the first Benedictine sisters from Eichstatt to arrive in Minnesota in 1857, was trained in needlework as a young girl.  She taught the first class in art needlework, specializing in fine embroidery, training many of her fellow nuns.  The department was housed in a small attic room for many years, but with the great growth of Catholic churches and parishes in central Minnesota, the demand for the sisters’ needlework increased so much that more space was needed.  In 1923 a new building was erected— St. Walburga’s Hall— which housed the department for the next 45 years. Over 45 sisters served in the needlework department between 1890 and 1968, many of them for 10-25+ years.

These sisters’ skills were handed down through a century, and one devotee in particular, Sister Arsenia Knaus, taught them to the College of St. Benedict students over a forty-year period—mainly in the years 1939-1960.  Her classes in needlework were often oversubscribed, the most popular course focusing on Hardanger, a form of embroidery.  Her students took pride in beautifully embroidered table mats, guest towels, pillow slips and vanity sets.  To meet the demand for more instruction, S. Arsenia would sometimes conduct a supplemental class one evening a week.  S. Arsenia died in 1966 and the monastery needlework department closed in 1968, no longer able or needed to supply church goods.


BENEDICT’S QUARTERLY February 1927 THE BENET  October 1966   (both college magazines)

PAUL PIONEER PRESS April 19, 1931 THE ST. CLOUD VISITOR   July 21, 1963

OPEN CHAIN—the Magazine for Threadbenders    July 1984       PIECEWORK  Magazine    May/June 2006

(In particular, The Benet for both June 1942 and April 1954 have solid references to S. Arsenia.)

Missing Piece to Los Angeles Plaza History

Our Lady Queen of Angels Church (La Placita) located in the heart of the El Pueblo de Los Angeles was staffed by the Claretians from 1910-2015. The church was the center of Mexican Catholic life, sponsoring many parish organizations, encouraging an active Catholic Action ministry, and publishing a national weekly magazine, La Esperanza (1930-1955).

George Sanchez’s book, Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945 is one of the most frequently used texts for college students. By highlighting the church’s neighborhood, Sanchez develops a secular interpretation of Mexican adjustment to the United States. Utilizing sociological studies undertaken in at the University of Southern California and archdiocesan reports, he missed the vibrant religious history of the Mexican community.

Unfortunately at the time of his research, the Claretians did not have a professionally managed archive. Today a different story would be told as a wealth of organizational, textual and photographic records reveal a different reality. Catholic sources mirror more than religious history as the Claretians played an active role in assisting the local community.



Malachy McCarthy
Province Archivist
Claretian Missionaries Archives USA-Canada